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A city of cities: Measuring how 15-minutes urban accessibility shapes human mobility in Barcelona

Authors: Eduardo Graells-Garrido; Feliu Serra-Burriel; Francisco Rowe; Fernando M. Cucchietti; Patricio Reyes;

A city of cities: Measuring how 15-minutes urban accessibility shapes human mobility in Barcelona

Abstract

As cities expand, human mobility has become a central focus of urban planning and policy making to make cities more inclusive and sustainable. Initiatives such as the “15-minutes city” have been put in place to shift the attention from monocentric city configurations to polycentric structures, increasing the availability and diversity of local urban amenities. Ultimately they expect to increase local walkability and increase mobility within residential areas. While we know how urban amenities influence human mobility at the city level, little is known about spatial variations in this relationship. Here, we use mobile phone, census, and volunteered geographical data to measure geographic variations in the relationship between origin-destination flows and local urban accessibility in Barcelona. Using a Negative Binomial Geographically Weighted Regression model, we show that, globally, people tend to visit neighborhoods with better access to education and retail. Locally, these and other features change in sign and magnitude through the different neighborhoods of the city in ways that are not explained by administrative boundaries, and that provide deeper insights regarding urban characteristics such as rental prices. In conclusion, our work suggests that the qualities of a 15-minutes city can be measured at scale, delivering actionable insights on the polycentric structure of cities, and how people use and access this structure.

E.G-G., F.S-B., F.M.C. and P.R. were partly supported by the H2020 IoTwins project (Distributed Digital Twins for industrial SMEs: a big-data platform) funded by the EU under the call ICT-11-2018-2019, Grant Agreement No 857191. E.G-G. was partly funded by ANID Fondecyt de Iniciación 11180913.

Peer Reviewed

Country
Spain
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Renting Urban geography Economic geography Geography Walkability Scale (social sciences) Know-how Urban planning business.industry Mobile phone business Diversity (business)

Keywords

FOS: Computer and information sciences, Human mobility, Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Desenvolupament humà i sostenible::Desenvolupament sostenible::Mobilitat sostenible, Physiology, Social Sciences, Walking, Social Geography, Sustainable development, Anàlisi de regressió, City Planning, Geographic Areas, Multidisciplinary, Geography, Q, R, Dades massives, Computer Science - Social and Information Networks, Research Design, :Matemàtiques i estadística::Estadística aplicada [Àrees temàtiques de la UPC], Medicine, Neighborhoods, Engineering and Technology, Regression analysis, Research Article, Urban Areas, Barcelona, “15-minutes city”, Census, :Desenvolupament humà i sostenible::Desenvolupament sostenible::Mobilitat sostenible [Àrees temàtiques de la UPC], Science, Movement, Equipment, Human Geography, Research and Analysis Methods, Mobilitat sostenible, Urban Geography, Big data, Desenvolupament sostenible, Humans, Cities, Communication Equipment, Social and Information Networks (cs.SI), Survey Research, Biological Locomotion, Urban Health, Biology and Life Sciences, Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Matemàtiques i estadística::Estadística aplicada, Spain, Earth Sciences, Human Mobility, Cell Phones

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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
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