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Sapienza University of Rome

Country: Italy

Sapienza University of Rome

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540 Projects, page 1 of 108
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 793212
    Overall Budget: 180,277 EURFunder Contribution: 180,277 EUR

    The extinction of species is the most alarming consequence of global biodiversity decline, with potential dramatic effects on our economy and well-being. The current rate of climate change is predicted to further increase extinction risk, hence there is urgent need to anticipate species decline rather than reacting to it. The breadth of a species’ niche - the set of environmental conditions in which the species can persist - is the key ecological trait that allows adaptation to environmental change, but is largely ignored in conservation planning applications. The goal of the PROTECTNICHE project is to disentangle the impacts of humans, climate change, and life history on the climatic niches of terrestrial mammals to inform a conservation strategy for preventing future species declines. This goal incorporates 3 objectives: i) Attribute the global change in past species climatic niches to intrinsic and extrinsic drivers; ii) Based on the models developed in Obj. 1, define a measure of adaptability to climate change for each species; iii) Based on the outcome of Obj. 2, develop a global conservation strategy to maximise the protection of species climatic niches while minimising their exposure to climate change. The project focuses on the world's terrestrial mammals, a data-rich group currently facing significant extinction rates, to develop and theoretically ground a conservation planning approach that can be also transfered to other taxa. Building on my expertise on extinction risk analysis and conservation planning, and the habitat and climatic modelling capabilities of Dr Rondinini and the Global Mammal Assessment lab, this project will define a proactive conservation plan where actions are prioritised to preserve species adaptive potential under global change. This is a research area of primary interest in Europe, given the EC has recognised that business opportunities from investing in biodiversity conservation could be worth US$ 2-6 trillion by 2050.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 279558
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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 101067991
    Funder Contribution: 167,020 EUR

    The aim of the project "Latin American Testimonies in Italy: a Living Library Between the Mediterranean and the Andes" is the collection, analysis, and dissemination of testimonies of Latin American migration to Italy during the last thirty years. The study will be carried out from a gender perspective, focusing on the migration of women and LGBTQ people, to underline cultural and literary aspects related to migration and determined by migrants' intersectional conditions. In addition, particular attention will be paid to testimonies by people from the Andean area, given their importance in Italy. The collection of "migrant memories" from a gender perspective will take place both in Italy and in the area of ​​origin of the Andean migrant communities, thus wanting to reconstruct the narrative of a to-and-fro migration. The project wishes to underline the creation of an image of the migratory experience that also involves places of departure, families and that, in this way, tells the cultural impact of migration both on the places of origin and on those of arrival, overcoming a vision of migration as a linear and one-way process, on the one hand, and also overcoming old concepts such as those of “center” and “periphery” at a cultural level. In the second part of the project, the collected testimonies will be published as an online, multimedia, and open access anthology. It will include an introduction written by the Researcher and by two authors selected from among those who created the included works, to recognize the subjectivity and authorship of the protagonists of the testimonies. The multimedia anthology will be made available, among others, to Language and Translation students of the European, American, and Intercultural Studies of the Sapienza University of Rome, so that they can create translation laboratories starting from it, thus completing this testimonial, choral and shared work.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 839363
    Overall Budget: 183,473 EURFunder Contribution: 183,473 EUR

    Animal cultures represent an often neglected layer of biological diversity and a powerful model for the study of human evolution. Robust capuchin monkeys (Sapajus spp.) are emerging as a new model for cultural and technological evolution in humans, phylogenetically independent from the established chimpanzee model. Available data suggest a great potential for cultural diversity across the robust capuchins range, especially within the tool use domain. However, capuchins’ behavioural diversity remains so far mostly unknown. This fellowship will establish an innovative, multidisciplinary protocol to map tool use traditions across space and time in wild capuchins not habituated to human presence. The training through research activity will allow me, a field primatologist, to acquire essential skills to describe animal tool use from an archeological perspective and strengthen my ability to conceive, design and apply behavioral experiments. Specifically, I propose to: - use environmental surveys and camera trap monitoring to describe tool use behaviour at a new site in terms of behavioural repertoire, tool selection and tool transport; - test and apply a new approach, based on field experiments, to detect tool use behaviours in primate populations not habituated to human presence; - excavate tool use sites to trace the temporal development of technological traditions at a previously unstudied geographical location with unhabituated capuchins. This research will i) extend, for the first time, the field of primate archeology to unhabituated populations of non-human tool-using primates and ii) serve as a platform to launch a large-scale, multidisciplinary exploration of technological and cultural diversity in robust capuchins. This will ultimately allow to tackle the ecological and cultural drivers of behavioural diversity in capuchins and to shed light into evolutionary scenarios about human cultural evolution and the emergence of tool use.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 220871
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